What are the side effects of testosterone cypionate?
Cytex 250 Composition:
Each ml contains:
Testosterone Cypionate 250mg
Indications and usage:
Testosterone Cypionate is indicated for replacement therapy in the male in conditions associated with symptoms of deficiency or absence of endogenous testosterone.
- Primary hypogonadism (congenital or acquired)-testicular failure due to cryptorchidism, bilateral torsion, orchitis, vanishing testis syndrome; or orchidectomy.
- Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (congenital or acquired)-idiopathic gonadotropin or LHRH deficiency, or pituitary-hypothalamic injury from tumors, trauma, or radiation.
Contraindications of testosterone cypionate:
- Known hypersensitivity to the steroid.
- Males with carcinoma of the breast.
- Males with known or suspected carcinoma of the prostate gland.
- Women who are or who may become pregnant.
- Patients with serious cardiac, hepatic or renal disease.
Androgens may increase sensitivity to oral anticoagulants. Testosterone Cypionate Dosage of the anticoagulant may require a reduction in order to maintain satisfactory therapeutic hypoprothrombinemia.
Concurrent administration of oxyphenbutazone and androgens may result in elevated serum levels of oxyphenbutazone.
In diabetic patients, the metabolic effects of androgens may decrease blood glucose and therefore, insulin requirements.
Overdosage testosterone cypionate:
There have been no reports of acute testosterone cypionate overdosage with the androgens.
General: Patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy may develop acute urethral obstruction. Priapism or excessive sexual stimulation may develop. Oligospermia may occur after prolonged administration or excessive dosage. If any of these effects appear, the androgen should be stopped and if restarted, a lower dosage should be utilized.
Testosterone Cypionate should not be used interchangeably with testosterone propionate because of the difference in duration of action.
Testosterone Cypionate is not for intravenous use. Information for patients: Patients should be instructed to report any of the following nausea, vomiting, changes in skin color, ankle swelling, too frequent or persistent erections of the penis.
Laboratory tests: Hemoglobin and hematocrit levels (to detect polycythemia) should be checked periodically in patients receiving long-term androgen administration. Serum cholesterol may increase during androgen therapy.
Drug/Laboratory test interferences: Androgens may decrease levels of thyroxine-binding globulin, resulting in decreased total T4 serum levels and increased resin uptake of T3 and T4 Free thyroid hormone levels remain unchanged, however, and there is no clinical evidence of thyroid dysfunction.
Carcinogenesis: There are rare reports of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients receiving long term therapy with androgens in high doses. The withdrawal of the drugs did not lead to the regression of the tumors in all cases.
Geriatric patients treated with androgens may be at an increased risk of developing prostatic carcinoma although conclusive evidence to support this concept is lacking.
Pregnancy: Teratogenic Effects. Pregnancy Category X.
Nursing mother: Testosterone Cypionate is not recommended for use in nursing mothers.
Testosterone Cypionate Dosage
Testosterone Cypionate is for intramuscular use only. It should not be given intravenously. Intramuscular injections should be given deep in the gluteal muscle. The suggested dosage for testosterone cypionate varies depending on the age, sex, and diagnosis of the individual patient. Dosage is adjusted according to the patients’ response and the appearance of adverse reactions. Various testosterone cypionate dosage regimens have been used to induce pubertal changes in hypogonadal males; some experts have advocated lower dosages initially, gradually increasing the dose as puberty progresses, with or without a decrease to maintenance levels. Other experts emphasize that higher dosages are needed to induce pubertal changes and lower dosages can be used for maintenance after puberty. The chronological and skeletal ages must be taken into consideration, both in determining the initial dose and in adjusting the dose.
For replacement in the hypogonadal male, 50 – 400 mg should be administered every two to four weeks.
Let’s talk below about side effects of Testosterone Cypionate:
Hypercalcemia may occur in immobilized patients. If this occurs, the steroid should be discontinued. Prolonged use of high doses of androgens (principally the 17-delta alkyl-androgens) has been associated with the development of hepatic adenomas, hepatocellular carcinoma, and peliosis hepatis- all potentially life-threatening complications.
Geriatric patients treated with androgens may be at an increased risk of developing prostatic hypertrophy and prostatic carcinoma although conclusive evidence to support this concept is lacking. Edema, with or without congestive heart failure, maybe a serious complication in patients with pre-existing cardiac, renal or hepatic disease.
Gynecomastia may develop and occasionally persist in patients being treated for hypogonadism. This product contains benzyl alcohol. Benzyl alcohol has been reported to be associated with fatal Gasping Syndrome in premature infants. Androgen therapy should be used cautiously in premature infants. Androgen therapy should be used cautiously healthy males with delayed puberty. The effect on bone maturation should be monitored by assessing the bone age of the wrist and hand every 6 months. In children, androgen treatment may accelerate bone maturation without producing compensatory gain in linear growth. This adverse effect may result in compromised adult stature. The younger the child the greater the risk of compromising final mature height.